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Knee Ligament Injuries

Stuart Fossella - Thursday, January 10, 2013 | Comments (0)
Posted 6 years ago
ligaments of the knee that provide stability

Knee Ligament Injuries

Ligaments of the knee are strong structures that connect bone to bone.

They add stability to prevent excessive movement of the thigh bone on the shin bone. Either in side to side movements (medial and lateral collaterals known as the MCL & LCL).

Or in backwards/forwards and twisting movements (the Cruciates either Anterior or Posterior).

The following link provides a 3D image of the Knee joint with further reading regarding anatomy Healthline

The ligaments are strong structures so generally require an accident or big force on the knee joint to cause damage to them. This is generally associated with sporting blows, twists or tackles.

Injuries sustained in skiing, football, rugby and netball are all culprits causing damage.

The ligaments can also be damaged because of big slips and twists of the knee joint. Like those occuring on icy or slippery surfaces. Generally the knee goes one way, while at the same time the body goes the other and the damage is done.

If left untreated a sprained knee can result in chronic pain, and joint stiffness, causing a loss of function.

Assessment of a sprained knee is also advised to rule out other causes of knee pain such as cartilage tears or ruptures to the surrounding muscles and tendons

Clinical Signs

  • Sudden onset of pain after a slip, tackle, ski crash or fall.
  • The knee may swell a little or a lot.
  • Walking and bending the knee may be very difficult and painful.
  • The knee may feel like it will give way, and you may not trust your knee or feel that you can rely on it.


With the help of Physiotherapy treatment and advice we will make sure that your recovery is fast and appropriate to prevent re-injury.

  • If a ligament is completely torn and you are young and sporty, the chances are it will need to be surgically repaired.
  • If a ligament is partially torn, rest and rehabilitation is vital to allow a full return to sport or pain free everyday activity.
  • In the acute stages of damage Physiotherapy will help to reduce pain and swelling and restore function with: electrotherapy, taping, exercise.
  • Specific rehabilitation drills including sport specific drills will ultimately allow a return to full activity.

At Straight Back Physiotherapy we have rehabilitated people from week one after surgery, right back to a regular lifestyle.

So get in contact if you think you have damaged a ligament and we will get you going again.


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